The crimes motivated by hatred have been well defined by the Czech legislation in the new Criminal Code coming into force from 1 January 2010 (Act. No. 40/2009, Section V, Art. (§§) 352, 356 and 355)
The Criminal Code regulates crimes of violence against a group of inhabitants or against individual, dangerous threats, stalking, defamation of a nation, race, ethnic or other group of persons or inciting hatred against a group of persons or restriction of their rights and freedoms. The most serious acts against national, ethnic, religious or other groups of persons are punishable as crimes against humanity such as genocide, an attack against humanity, apartheid and discrimination against groups of people, persecution of citizens, establishment, support and promotion of movements aimed at suppressing human rights and freedoms and sympathy for a movement aimed at suppressing human rights and freedoms. The protected characteristics according to the Criminal Code are the following: the actual or perceived race, belonging to an ethnical group, nationality, political opinion, religion or not having a religion.
The significant problem is that a large number of attacks have not been reported to the police (it is assumed that about 90% of hate crime is not recorded). Victims have often no confidence in the police, they lack information about what hate crime is and how he can defend himself. Some cases are then recorded as a hate crime, but as blackmail or restriction of personal freedom. App. 80 % of hate crime victims are Roma but in last year there is an increased tendency of hatred (mainly hate speech) against Muslim community in the Czech Republic, which is indeed very small and invisible (official census in 2011 says less than 3.500 persons, unofficial estimates about 10.000 persons)
The official data on hate crimes are collected by the Ministry of Interior, Security Police Department, which each year submits a Report on Extremism including statistical data. The report includes statistical data on registered, investigated and prosecuted criminal offences with extremist context (this terminology of criminal offences with extremist context is used in the Czech Rep. more often than hate crimes). The statistics are not collected according to protected characteristics but rather according to the legal qualification of the crime committed. NGOs active in the field of protection of hate crime victims like In Iustitia and Romea issue their reports on an ad-hoc basis, and the Czech Helsinki Committee issues its yearly human rights reports with a specific chapter dedicated to hate crimes.
At the time being, there is a nationwide campaign HateFree at place implemented by the Governmental Agency for Social Inclusion. The campaign received generous financial support from the Governments of Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein and its main media partner is the public Czech TV.